In our previous posts, we discussed the causes, types, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of sinus infections. In the current post, we’ll see in detail the home remedies for sinus infection. We shall also see how to prevent sinus infections. The home remedies include simple measures that you can perform at home. Let us see what these are.
Over the counter medicines for pain and cold
Pain and fever medicines like paracetamol are quite useful in sinusitis. Take a pill appropriate for your age and weight after discussing it with your physician over the phone. Secondly, antihistamines like cetirizine or desloratadine remove the component of allergy that might be contributing to the sinusitis. In cases with thick nasal discharge and nose block, nasal decongestant drops work well.
Steam Inhalation and Warm compress
Steam provides warmth and moisture to the nasal cavities. In addition to that, it helps open up the sinuses and remove the swelling around the sinus openings. Ideally, steam is best taken after you decongest the nose. I advise my patients to use the decongestant drops in a particular position and then follow it up with steam. Contact us for more details on this. However, those who suffer from severe sneezing and allergies should avoid steam as it may worsen their symptoms. Nextly, keep a warm cloth over the face and forehead for relief.
Douching the nasal cavities with saline water or dilute soda bicarb solution removes crusts and pus materials from the sinuses. It also helps in the normal functioning of the mucus layer thereby relieving symptoms. The rinses are accomplished by neti-pot or specially designed rinse kits. These rinses are regularly prescribed after nasal surgery.
Hydration and Rest
Take adequate rest when you get sinusitis. Some people prefer to lie down in dark rooms as it comforts their eyes. Above all, do not exert or strain yourself. Drink plenty of water, juices, and electrolytes.
Bacterial or Fungal Infection
Bacterial and fungal infections do not get relieved by simple home remedies. A bacterial infection needs appropriate antibiotics, as determined by a pus test. Similarly, fungal sinusitis is treated by steroids and antifungals. These are not over the counter medicines and so, require an ENT consultation.
Do you want to find out more about home remedies for a sinus infection? Are the remedies not helping you? Talk to us at World ENT Care for a correct diagnosis and solution to your sinus problem.
How do I prevent sinusitis?
Sinusitis is a preventable problem. In our second post, we had spoken about the risk factors and causes of sinus infections. Many of the risk factors can be modified and thereby prevent sinus infections.
Treat allergies and upper respiratory tract infections
If you are prone to allergies, chances are high for acquiring a sinus infection. Take all precautions to prevent allergies. Keep an allergy calendar and go out accordingly. Read our post on allergies for more details. Nextly, get promptly treated whenever you get upper respiratory tract infections.
Smoke, second-hand smoke and pollution
Avoid exposure to second-hand smoke and pollution. Most certainly, quit smoking. Tobacco and contaminated air irritate the respiratory lining causing allergies and sinusitis. Wear a mask when you go outside.
Personal and Hand hygiene
Wash your hands regularly with soap and water. Avoid close contact with people who have colds or any other infection. Wear a mask whenever appropriate. Clean the frequently touched surfaces with disinfectant liquid. Lastly, avoid touching the face.
Airconditioning and Room humidification
Keep the temperature inside your room at an optimum level and not very cold. Use a room humidifier during the dry and cold months of the year. Use a HEPA filter in your vacuum cleaner and AC to prevent allergies. Lastly, service the AC unit regularly to remove dust and molds from the filter.
Nutrition and hydration
Eat whole foods rich in vitamins, antioxidants, minerals, and fibers. Reduce the intake of carbs and incorporate green leafy vegetables, citrus fruits, and proteins in your diet. Drink plenty of water, at least 4 liters per day, regardless of what season it is.
Take flu shots every year. They help prevent influenza. Some countries advocate pneumococcal vaccines in addition to the flu shots.
Meditation and Yoga
If you suffer from chronic sinusitis, then try out meditation and yoga. Other than opening up the sinuses and ventilating them with fresh air, they relax your mind. Do regular exercises to keep your body fit and build immunity.
By following a healthy lifestyle and personal hygiene it is possible to prevent sinusitis. Chronic sinusitis can be quite bothersome. Simple home remedies and precautionary measures go a long way in managing sinus attacks and keeping you and your family comfortable.